SIR THOMAS JOHNSTONE LIPTON
Undoubtedly, the one member of Lodge Scotia who has achieved most fame outwith Freemasonry is Brother Tommy Lipton. He was born at 13 Crown Street in Glasgow on 10th May 1850 of Ulster Scots parents parents, who had come over to Scotland as a result of the lack of opportunities in their homeland.
He sailed to America as a steerage passenger on the Anchor Line, staying there for five years, during which time he took up work where he could find it, firstly on a rice plantation, then as a tramcar driver, a fireman, and, finally, as a grocer's assistant in a New York department store.
His hard work had obviously been well rewarded, for he returned to Glasgow in 1870 with savings amounting to approximately £100, all of which he used wisely, because almost immediately he was Initiated into Lodge Scotia on 31st. May that year.
He was Passed on 17th. August 1870 and Raised later that same evening. On his twenty-first birthday, he opened his first shop at 101 Stobcross Street in Finnieston, where he slept in the back room while attempting to build up his business. Within ten years he had outlets all over Britain. To gain control over prices and quality, he bought over most of the companies who had originally supplied him with goods, including tea, coffee and cocoa plantations in Ceylon, baking houses, fruit farming interests and rubber estates in a variety of locations, packing houses for hogs in Chicago, and British bacon-curing factories.
The year 1898 held special significance for him, because he was Knighted by Queen Victoria for his contribution to the business world and for his many and varied charitable works. Appropriately, he actually received his Knighthood at the Queen's holiday residence on the Isle of Wight, only a few miles South-East of Cowes, the headquarters of the Royal Yacht Squadron, which was later to play a prominent part in his life.
While he was consolidating his business interests in London, and mainly because of his yachting interests, he became friendly with Edward the Seventh, then Prince of Wales, and his wife, Alexandra of Denmark. Co-incidentally, Edward had been a Patron of Scottish Freemasonry since 1870, the year of Brother Lipton's Initiation, and Alexandra is the lady in whose honour the local park and Alexandra Parade were named.
In 1899, he made the first of five challenges for the America's Cup in a yacht named "Shamrock". Subsequent attempts were made in 1901, 1903, 1920 and 1930, all of which failed, but his repeated efforts endeared him to the American public, who collected subscriptions and presented him with a Loving Cup engraved "To possibly the World's worst yacht builder, but absolutely the World's most cheerful loser."
When Queen Victoria died early in 1901, her eldest son, Albert Edward, succeeded her on the Throne as King Edward 7th., and he then honoured his friend Thomas Lipton by initially inducting him into the Royal Victorian Order as a Knight Commander of the Order ( K.C.V.O.) and then, only one year later, by conferring a Baronetcy on him. Continuing in this same vein, Lipton was appointed an Honorary Colonel of the 6th. Volunteer Battalion of the Highland Light Infantry, and a Lieutenant of the City of London, representing the King.
In 1909, he put up the football trophy competed for by tiny West Auckland of England and mighty Juventus of Italy. The scoreline of 2-0 in favour of West Auckland inspired another trophy, "The Lipton Crown of Italy World Cup" which cost £105, and was contested by teams from Germany, Italy, Switzerland and England, and is generally thought to have been the inspiration behind the formation of the World Cup as it now stands.
His varied interests did not go unnoticed, for he received the "Grand Order of the Crown of Italy and of the Order of St. Sava" from the King of Italy in April 1910, while his opulence was mentioned in the original words of the Music Hall song "Burlington Bertie", penned in 1914, and in at least another thirty songs written since then.
He was the principal speaker during the first authenticated wireless telephone call across the Atlantic in October 1922, a small town in Canada was named after him in 1924, and, in 1925, to commemorate his 75th. birthday, he handed over the keys of a large villa in Cambuslang for conversion to the "Lipton Memorial Nursing Home."
The City Fathers recognised the credit and renown he had brought to his native City, and they also paid tribute to the respect and admiration in which he was universally held. In 1923, he was made a Burgess of the City of Glasgow, receiving the Freedom of the City at a ceremony in St. Andrew's Halls, because of the "exemplary and patriotic services he had rendered during the Great War.
He had plied his yacht 'Erin' between Marseilles in France and Salonika in Greece, carrying urgently required medical supplies, until sunk by a hostile submarine in a one-sided contest."
During July 1927, he was the guest at a luncheon of the Honourable Company of Master Mariners held within Fishmonger's Hall, at the original Billingsgate Market. He shared the top table with the Prince of Wales and Rudyard Kipling, two other prominent Freemasons of the day, with the latter being one of the many Freemasonic writers who have based their works on the Craft.
By this time, his prodigious business interests had almost completely been overtaken and overshadowed by his outside involvements, because, apart from those activities already mentioned, he was a Patron of the Arts in general, and also took a great personal interest in promoting bagpiping, canoeing, swimming, rowing, golf, aviation, athletics, equestrianism, tennis, billiards, and cricket. Incredible as it may seem, the area of ground he originally purchased for the use of his London staff cricket team, is now the site of the Tottenham Hotspur Football Club stadium in White Hart Lane.
Despite all his achievements and his fame and fortune, one thing especially dear to his heart had always eluded him, but this was put to rights on 13th. May 1931, when he learned that he had finally been elected to membership of the Royal Yacht Squadron.
Unfortunately, he had little time left to him to enjoy what turned out to be his final triumph, for he died on 2nd. October that year at his home, "Osidge", which stood on a sixty acre estate in Southgate, Middlesex.
At the time of his death, he was the oldest member of Lodge Scotia.
In deference to his express wish to be re-united with his parents, his body was brought back to his native City, and was laid out in St. George's Church at the top of Buchanan Street, where thousands of ordinary people took the opportunity of filing past the coffin to pay their respects to someone who had retained the aura, despite all his successes in business and sport, of being one of their own.
After the funeral service, the cortege passed by the old City Halls in Trongate, down through the Saltmarket, across the Albert Bridge into Crown Street, and, finally, to the Southern Necropolis in Caledonia Road, where he was interred in a grave adjoining his parents.
Some time later, a Memorial Service was held by his numerous personal, business and sporting acquaintances and friends within Saint Columba's Church in London, at which an attendance in excess of five hundred mourners was officially recorded.
His will specifically mentioned how the estate of approximately one million pounds was to be distributed, including the large house in Middlesex where he spent his last years, which was to be converted for use as a nursing home, while the considerable residue of his estate was "gifted to the City of Glasgow for disbursement to charitable causes in the area".
His sizeable collection of trophies, cups, medals, etc., were all donated to the local museum of his childhood, the People's Palace on Glasgow Green.
He also kept a scrapbook of his press cuttings, which were housed in eighty-four special albums, and these are now in the Arts Department of the Mitchell Library.
Everyone has heard Thomas Lipton's name, but it's only when a close look is taken at his life that the realisation dawns of just how well he exemplified the virtues we would all like to live by.
He was a great ambassador for Scottish Freemasonry in general and his mother Lodge Scotia in particular.
In a book published in New York to commemorate the Centenary of his birth, the author actually states, "During the first twenty-seven years of his life, Lipton did not meet a single person who had made a mark in the world whatsoever.
He was not a member of any club, nor any group, athletic or cultural, whose activities have been recorded." (!)
Patently, that was not very well researched, but may be excused in part because, although extremely publicity conscious in his business affairs, Brother Lipton could be very diffident regarding his private life.
During the 1980s, he was the centrepiece of a show in the Kelvingrove Art Galleries and Museum, and, befitting his past eminence, he was again feted by his native City when some of his memorabilia appeared at the "Glasgow's Glasgow" exhibition underneath the arches leading to Central Station, this being one of the major events to celebrate Glasgow's nomination, in 1990, as official European Cultural Capital.
Every newspaper carried a glowing Obituary, accompanied by the stereotyped photograph of him dressed in yachting cap and polka-dot tie, and a tribute from the New York Times simply stated:- "They will speak his name in superlatives."
He was certainly one of the greatest entrepreneurs of his day, and, having studied his life-style, I'm sure these words encapsulate exactly how he would wish to be remembered in death.
[Lipton Yellow Label has been sold since 1890, when Sir Thomas Lipton created the first version of the Yellow pack with a red Lipton shield. It is sold in 150 countries worldwide. Does that mean that we Freemasons have our own 'Masonic Tea'? ! - Ed.]
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